1. Microscopes and Their Use in the Study of Cells and Viruses. 2. Microscopic Observation of Bacteria, Fungi, and Protozoa. 3. Staining Bacteria. 4. Cultivation of Bacteria and Fungi. 5. Biochemical Tests for the Identification of Bacteria. 6. Bacterial Identification Methods. 7. Evaluating Antibacterial Chemical Agents. 8. Soil and Water Microbiology. 9. Survey of Microbial Pathogens. 10. Arthropod Vectors of Human Diseases. 11. Multicellular Parasites. 12. Clinical Applications of Host Responses to Infection.